Nagasaki (長崎市 Nagasaki-shi?) is the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture on the island of Kyūshū in Japan. Nagasaki began as a small fishing village, formerly part of Nishisonogi District. It became a center of Portuguese and other European peoples' influence in the 16th through 19th centuries. Parts of Nagasaki was home to a major Imperial Japanese Navy base during the First Sino-Japanese War and Russo-Japanese War.
During World War II, the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki made Nagasaki the second and, to date, last city in the world to experience a nuclear attack